Horns of Hittin (Karne Hittine) is an extinct volcano with twin peaks overlooking the plains of Hattin in the Lower Galilee, Israel.
Karnei Hittin is the site of the Battle of Hattin, Saladin’s victory over the Crusaders in 1187. The Battle of Hattin was fought in summer when the grass was tinder-dry. Saladin’s troops set fire to the grass, cutting off the Crusaders’ access to water in the Sea of Galilee. Saladin built a “victory dome,” Qubbat al-Nasr, on the hill. Thietmar, a German pilgrim who visited the site in 1217, wrote that the “temple Saladin had erected to his gods after the victory is now desolate.” In the early 17th century, ruins were found on the summit that appeared to be those of a church. Prior to 1948, an Arab village, Hittin, lay at the foot of the hill. Excavations were carried out on the hill in 1976 and 1981.
Names: The Horns of Hattin, קרני חיטין, Karnei Hittin, قرون حطين, Kurûn Hattîn